Traffic Signs and Road Safety
April 24, 2015
by Rituparna Sengupta
Traffic signs are the silent speakers on the road. Be it the person behind the wheel or a pedestrian, having a sound knowledge about road safety is absolutely necessary for all before hitting the roads.
Traffic signs give information about the road conditions ahead, provide instructions to be followed at the major crossroads or junctions, warn or guide drivers, and ensure proper functioning of road traffic. Being unaware of road signs is akin to throwing caution to the wind. It can lead to loss of life and property. A person is supposed to be familiar (get through a written or oral test) with the traffic signs and symbols before acquiring a driving license in India.
Road safety signs are primarily of three types:
1. Mandatory Signs: These signs are used to ensure free movement of traffic and make the road users cognisant of certain laws and regulations, restrictions and prohibitions. Violation of these signs is an offence, as per law.
2. Cautionary Signs: These signs make the road users conscious of hazardous conditions on the road beforehand. The drivers, accordingly, take necessary actions to handle the situation.
3. Informatory Signs: These signs guide the road users about destinations, distance, alternative routes, and prominent locations like food joints, public toilets, nearby hospitals, etc.
Road Safety Education
Education about road safety is often provided in schools, colleges, workplaces, clubs and public places. However, there could be other ways to create mass awareness:
- Distribute booklets and pamphlets in schools.
- Show presentations on road safety and negative aspects of road accidents in the class rooms.
- Share online content with peers.
- Encourage parents to help children learn preventive measures in real time.
- Educate teachers with the basic laws and regulations on the road.
Celebrating Road Safety
Every year, prominent metro cities of India celebrate the road safety week to promote road safety measures. During the entire week, the transport departments of various states create awareness through community building process in schools, colleges, offices and on roads. They also sensitise people about the outcome of drunken driving, high-speed driving, importance of wearing helmet for bikers and seat belts for four-wheeler drivers. At times, they choose themes to communicate to the masses. Road Safety Week 2015 was celebrated in India from 11-17 January.
Road to Hell: National Statistics on Accidental Deaths in India
Driving in India can be more dangerous than you and I can ever imagine. According to the statistical reports published in 2013, an accident occurs in every minute in India. When all the developed nations are focusing on reducing the rates of accidental deaths, Indian roads have become worse than ever. According to a report published by the World Health Organization (2013), India has the highest number of road accidental deaths (105,725 people died on the road) in the world. Among the Indian states, Maharashtra (where Mumbai has the highest number of death cases i.e. 25,471 road accidents) tops the list followed by Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The report also clarifies that inefficient law enforcement, drunken driving, low user adoption of helmets and seat belts and lack of child restraints in the vehicles are the main causes behind such a high rate of road accidents in India.
Road Accidents in India
Delhi’s odd-even car rule to reduce pollution
Stop! Says The Red Light
Worst road accidents in India
List of Major Rail Accidents in india
Road Rage in Delhi: Keep Your Cool, Avoid the anti-Socials
Traffic Congestion in Delhi: Causes, Outcomes and Solutions
How to keep yourself entertained during long road trips?
Agra-Lucknow Expressway: India’s First Road Runway
Traffic Lights Essay
1120 Words5 Pages
Traffic lights are signaling devices located at road intersections and pedestrian crossings, they are now part of our everyday life. Before traffic lights were invented, policeman would control traffic, but accidents would still occur frequently. This is when J.P Knight took action in 1868 and made the first traffic light. It was installed outside the British Houses Of Parliament but didn’t last long since it exploded in 1869 due to a gas leak. It was only in 1912 that a man named Lester Wire created an electrical traffic light that is still used today. There are three main types of traffic lights: fixed timed, semi actuated and fully actuated. Fixed time traffic light are light where “signals change according to a pre-set timing. The…show more content…
Try to picture your life without traffic lights; you will realize that human society wouldn’t be the same without them. Since vehicle loop detectors are part of a of traffic light I decided to explain the science in those. An loop vehicle detector system has three main components: a loop, a loop extension cable and a detector. In the picture below you will be able to see the way the three parts fit together.
The process of installing a loop vehicle detection is simple. The loop is buried in the traffic lane. “The loop is a continuous run of wire that enters and exits from the same point” (c) Then the two ends of the wire are connected to the loop extension cable which in turn is connected to the vehicle detector. The detector powers the loop causing an electromagnetic field inside the loop area. A base frequency is established when there is no vehicle over the loop but when there is one the frequency increases. This increase in frequency is sensed and forces a usually open relay to close. The relay will remain close until the vehicle leaves the loop.
As the picture shows when a car reaches the loop, a magnetic field is create causing the frequency to increase. The science used in traffic lights is very effective. Without it they wouldn’t exist. The way the loop creates a