Sports infrastructure plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sportspersons of international repute, but also encourages the youth population of a country to participate in sporting activities to create a culture of sports. In India, the standard of sports infrastructure is not at a satisfactory level for a number of reasons.
The lack of infrastructural facilities is one of the major impediments in the process of development of sports in India. The objective of this article is to analyze the present state of sports infrastructure of the country and propose a possible road map for its development.
In recent years, a phenomenal growth has been observed in Indian sports with the staging of mega-events such as the Commonwealth Games 2010, Hockey World Cup and Cricket World Cup, and the winning of medals in the international competitions.
India won a total of six medals in the 2012 London Olympics, including two silver and four bronze. The success of Sushil Kumar, Abhinav Bindra, Mary Kom, Saina Nehwal and Sania Mirza has already established the country on the global sports map.
The continued success of Jeev Milkha Singh, Arjun Atwal and Jyoti Randhawa has created a prominent position for India in the discipline of golf. In cricket, India has already emerged as a superpower due to its excellence in sporting and commercial performance.
A number of schemes have been introduced to promote sports at the grass-root level. PYKKA is one of them.
Despite all these successes, it is pertinent to mention that the sports infrastructure in India is still not at the desired level, and this creates an obstacle in developing sports in the country.
In the next section of this article, a critical evaluation will be made of the initiatives adopted to build and sustain sports infrastructure in India.
1982 was a significant year in the history of sports in India when the country organized the Asian Games for the second time. Prior to that, hardly any emphasis was given to sports in the public policy arena.
The following table represents the fund allocation to sports in different Five- Year Plans since 1982:
Five Year Plans
Duration of the Five Year Plans
Allocation to sports (INR Million)
Sixth Five Year Plan
Seventh Five Year Plan
Eighth Five Year Plan
Ninth Five Year Plan
Tenth Five Year Plan
Eleventh Five Year Plan
A significant increase can be observed in the fund allocation to sports in various Five- Year Plans, most of which was allocated for developing infrastructure for sports. Some of the initiatives, adopted for the development of sports, are mentioned below:
- Scheme of Grants for Creation of Sports Infrastructure including Rural Schools, for which INR 942.5 million was allocated
- Scheme of Grants for Installing of Synthetic Playing Surfaces, for which INR 201.3 million was allocated
- Scheme of Grants for Promotion of Games and Sports in Universities and Colleges, for which INR 328 million was allocated
- Schemeof assistance for the creation of Urban Sports infrastructure
These initiatives are not sufficient to promote sports through the provision of sports infrastructure. In the next section of this article, the problems relating to the development of sports infrastructure in India will be explained.
According to the Constitution of India, sport is a state subject. The state governments in India allocate funds for developing sports and sports infrastructure as per their priority list. There is no unique approach in developing sports infrastructure throughout the country.
The support from the central government was substantially withdrawn with the shift of the schemes, related to sports infrastructure, to the states in the Tenth Five Year Plan. This has created a further obstacle.
The non-availability of land for building sports infrastructure is another major impediment. Moreover, not much initiative has been observed til now in promoting sports-specific infrastructure by adopting PPP model to ensure the sustainability of these facilities.
The commercial aspects for generating revenue from these infrastructures have not been explored. These are some of the major impediments in building and sustaining sports infrastructure in India.
The steps that may be adopted to solve the problems of developing sports infrastructure in India are mentioned below:
- To arrange a dedicated land bank for building sports infrastructure
- To adopt PPP model in which the government will provide institutional and financial support for building infrastructure and the private sector will manage and maintain its operations
- To introduce various commercial aspects, such as selling the Naming Rights, Hospitality Packages and branding inside the stadiums, to make these facilities sustainable
- To use these facilities for multiple purposes, such as organizing exhibitions, conferences or for setting up sports academies
- To make these infrastructural facilities open for the use of the public against membership fees
The above solutions may help in overcoming the obstacles India aces in the area of sports infrastructure. However, a change in the mind-set of the decision makers in sports, politics and related fields is a prerequisite for implementing the solutions.
It is a pity that a majority of children going to school in India do not get the opportunity to take part in sports due to the lack of infrastructure or even open spaces. Who will solve this? A joint effort is needed. We all are waiting for a change in mindset for improving sports in the country.
Ankan Banerjee is a member of the faculty at the Naval Tata Centre of Excellence in Sports Management, IISWBM, Kolkata, India. He has contributed articles to the Sport Digest in the past. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sport is a vigorous physical activity involves physical exertion and skill generally played by two teams against each other by following the set number of rules in order to win or defeat other team.
Essay on Sports
Sports are very much liked by the children in their school time. In order to let students know the benefits and importance of the sports all through the life, teachers assigned them the topic of essay on sports in the school to write something in their own words. So, students you are at right place, here we have provided some easily written and simply worded long and short sports essay.
Sports Essay 1 (100 words)
Sports are the physical activities with different names according to the ways of playing them. Sports are generally liked by almost all the children whether girls or boys. Generally the topic of benefits and importance of sports are argues by the people. And yes, any type of sport is deeply connected with the physical, physiological, mental and intellectual health of the person. It helps in maintaining the physical and mental fitness of the person. Playing sports on daily basis help in developing the mental skills. It also improves the psychological skills of the person playing. It brings motivation, courage, discipline and concentration. Playing sports has been made necessary in the schools for the welfare of the students.
Sports Essay 2 (150 words)
Sports are the physical activity done in particular ways of style and all are named accordingly. Indian government has made compulsory playing the sports in the schools and colleges for the student’s welfare and good health as well as improving mental skill. Participation of the children in any of the sports is very necessary and important. Students should be encouraged and motivated by their parents at home and teachers in the schools. It is necessary for the growing children so that they may develop good habits and discipline which they may continue to their adulthood and pass to the next generation.
Sports play great role in improving and maintaining the health and fitness, improving mental skills and concentration level as well as social and communication skills. Playing sports on regular basis prevents person form the many diseases and disorders of the body organs especially overweight, obese and heart problems. Children should never be demoted for playing the sports instead they should be promoted.
Sports Essay 3 (200 words)
Sports are most easy and convenient ways for the very good physical and mental exercise. It is very useful for growth and development of the individual as well as the country. We can never unseen the benefits and importance of playing the sports on regular basis. Sports provide a person the feeling of well being and encourage living a healthy life. It keeps us always fit and healthy as well as away from problems of drug addiction, crime and disorders. Sports are organized at national and international level by the government of the country for motivating the students to take part and get popularity through sports. Any of the sports is very simple however need full devotion and hard work to get practiced on daily basis.
Now-a-days, sports has become most efficient way to establish a better career for whole life as it provides equal and good job opportunities to all. It is the medium which enhances the economy of host country organizing the sports activities. It makes a country to feel proud if its citizens win the match. It brings encouragement and develops the feeling of patriotism. It is the way to reduce international level tension among many countries. It helps in improving the physical and mental strength of the person as well as the economic and social strength of the country.
Sports Essay 4 (250 words)
Sports and games both are very important and easy way to improve physical and mental fitness. Now-a-days, the scope of the sports and games has been increased by the effort of the government. Anyone of us can establish a good career in the sports for whole life together with the maintenance of food health and fitness of the body. It has become a very good way to achieve success and good job. It is the useful means of getting entertainment and physical activity on daily basis. It is the character and discipline building technique which holds with us whole life. It makes us active and gives us energy and strength.
Playing sports and games continuously means motivating the mental and physical growth. It makes us learn about how to maintain the physical and mental balance as it improves the concentration level and memory. It makes life too peaceful to tackle any difficult situation. It develops sense of friendliness and removes all the differences between two people. It keeps body in shape which makes us strong and active however it also keeps mind peaceful which brings positive thoughts and keeps us away from the many diseases and disorders.
It gives us lots of energy and strength as well as removes all the tiredness and lethargy by improving the blood circulation all through the body and promoting the physical and mental well-being. It improves ones capability, work efficiency and prevent from being exhausted mentally and physically. It is the integral part of improving the quality of education among students. Sports and education both together are the best ways of achieving success in life.
Sports Essay 5 (300 words)
Everybody understands that, sports and games mean only the physical and mental fitness. However it has many hidden benefits as well. Sports and good education both together become the way to achieve success in the life of a child. Both should be given equal priority in the school and colleges to go ahead and make the bright career of the students. Sports mean not only the bodily exercise however it means to promote the concentration level of the students towards study. There is a common saying about the sports that “A sound mind in a sound body” means there should be a well working mind in the fit body in order to go ahead and get success in the life.
As the health of the body is essential for getting healthy all through the life, it is also necessary to have a mental and intellectual fitness to concentrate completely on the target. Playing sports brings highest level of confidence and teaches us discipline which remains with us whole life. Motivating children for the sports and make them interested in the games should be started at home and school level by the equal participation of the parents and teachers. Sports and games become very interesting and can be played by anyone anytime however it should be practiced from childhood for better achievement of the goal whether in the study or other.
Sports and games are of many types and named according to the rules and ways of playing them. Some of the sports are cricket, hockey (national game), football, basket ball, volley ball, tennis, running, skipping, high and low jumping, discus throw, badminton, rowing, swimming, kho-kho, kabaddi, and many more. Sports are the best ways to deal with the losses and profits in the life by making the balance between body and mind, excitement and sorrow. Playing sports for some hour on daily basis has been made necessary in the schools for the welfare of the children and better future of the country.
Sports Essay 6 (400 words)
Many sports are played in India from ancient time and hockey has been declared as the national game of the country. Especially children are very fond of playing game in the playground in the nearby areas of home or they generally participate in the school. Many school level, district level, state level, national level, and international level sports activities are organized for the maximum participation of the children and youths of the country. However, sometimes disappointing performances of Indian athletes at the national or international level like Olympic or common wealth game shows the poor condition of sports and facility provided to the athletes in India.
Still the Indian athletes have not achieved a standard in the international sports however it seems that soon they would do as the criteria and scope of sports is increased in the current years. It has been promoted to a great extent in the schools and colleges by the government of the country. Indian athletes are showing their full participation in every national and international level sports and continuously trying to achieve the quality and standard. Since Indian athletes had win only few gold medals in the last Olympic Games however they had played with full courage and enthusiasm. India is leading in many sports like hockey, wrestling, cricket, etc.
The selection of best sportsperson is done from the students playing well the schools or state level. Now the condition of sports in India has become changed and it has become the good field to get popularity and success. It is not separate from the education and it is not necessary that if one is playing good sports he does not need good education or if one is going good in education he should not involve in the sports. Education and sports are two sides of the same coin means success. Playing sports in the schools by the students has been made compulsory; teachers and parents should promote the children on their own level to play the game for their growth and development as well as make future of the country.
Sports nourish the life of us in many ways. It teaches us discipline and continuity in the work to get the goal. It keeps us fit both physically and mentally and thus socially, emotionally, psychologically and intellectually. It is best way of entertainment and meditate the mind in such a polluted and pressurized environment where everyone becomes ready to give tension and create problems for other one. It enhances the concentration level and memory power and fills the mind with positive thoughts.
Slogans on Sports