Federico Mangahas Essay Outline


Writers of this folio included Fernando Maramag (the best editorial writer of this period) Juan F. Salazar,Jose M. Hernandez, Vicente del Fierro, and Francisco M. Africa and Victoriano Yamzon. They pioneeredin English poetry.


The noted essayists of this time were: Carlos P. Romulo, Jorge C. Bocobo, Mauro Mendez, and VicenteHilario.Their essays were truly scholarly characterized by sobriety, substance and structure. They excelled in theserious essay, especially the editorial type.The next group of writers introduced the informal essay, criticism and the journalistic column. Theyspiced their work with humor, wit and satire. These group included Ignacio Manlapaz, Godefredo Rivera,Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit.


In the field of short stories, DEAD STARS by Paz Marquez

Benitez written in the early 1920’sstand out as

a model of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message. Other short storiespublished during this time were but poor imitations of their foreign models.The UP College Folio was later replaced by the Philippine Collegian. Newspapers and periodicals also sawprint during this time like the Bulletin, the Philippines Herald (1920), the Philippine Review, theIndependent, Rising Philippines and Citizens, and the Philippine Education Magazine 1924.

Period of Self-Discovery and Growth (1925-1941)

By this time, Filipino writers had acquired the mastery of English writing. They now confidently andcompetently wrote on a lot of subjects although the old-time favorites of love and youth persisted. Theywent into all forms of writing like the novel and the drama.


Noteworthy names in this field include Marcelode Gracia Concepcion, Jose Garcia Villa, AngelaManalang Gloria, Abelardo Subido, Trinidad Tarrosa Subido and Rafael Zulueta da Costa. They turnedout not only love poems but patriotic, religious, descriptive and reflective poems as well. They wrote infree verse, in odes and sonnets and in other types. Poetry was original, spontaneous, competentlywritten and later, incorporated social consciousness.

THE SHORT STORY (1925-1941)

Probably because of the incentives provided by publications like the Philippine Free Press, The Graphic,The Philippine Magazine and college publications like the UP Literary Apprentice, poetry and the shortstory flourished during these times.Other writers during this time include Osmundo Sta. Romana, Arturo Rotor, Paz


Sunset, and

Jose Garcia Villa’s Mir

-in-isa. From 1930 to 1940, the Golden Era of Filipino writing in English saw theshort

storywriters “who have arrived,” like Jose

Lansang’s The Broken Parasol, Sinai C.Hamada’sTalanata’s Wife, Fausto Dugenio’sWanderlust, Amando G. Dayrit’s His Gift and

Yesterday, Amador T.

Daugio’s The Woman

Who Looked Out of the Window.

THE ESSAY: As in poetry and the short story, the essay grew in many ways: in variety of subject, form, and style; in the number f productive authors; in he quantity and quality of their works. The old guard, composed of Romulo and his contemporaries, continued writing into this period, achieving stature and influence as editorial writers. Similarly, Vicente Albano Pacis, Federico Mangahas, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose A. Lansang, Ariston Estrada, and Pura S. Castrence distinguished themselves in political, social, and other reflective types of essay, largely through the newspaper columns. Ignacio Manlapaz, SalvadorP. Lopez I. V. Mallari, Jose Gacia Villa, Arturo B. Rotor, and Leopoldo Y.Yabes wrote criticism that compelled attention and directed creative writing, and was in itself significant writing, Solomon V. Arnaldo, F. B. Icaiano ("Mang Kiko"), Alfredo D. Litiatco, Armando G. Dayrit, and Consuelo Grau ("Catuca") enlivened the scene with light-hearted and charming personal essays.

Three collections of essays stood out from the rest during this period. Thinking for Ourselves, edited by Eliseo Quirino and Vicente M Hilario (1924), which contained the best, most serious and most challenging essays, original and translated, of Filipino scholars and leaders (1924); Literature and Society nby Salvador P. Lopez (1940), the prize-winning essay collection in the 1940 Commonwealth Literary Contest, consisting of reflective, critical, and otherwise serious essays; and Horizons from My Nipa Hut, by Mang Kiko (pseudonym of F. B. Icasiano)which were reprints of the best of Icasiano's essays previously published in Sunday Tribune Magazine under the column head "From My Nipa Hut". Printed in 1941, Horizons is a relief from Lopez's soberly thoughtful Literature and Society. It is delightfully "of the people," for even its philosophical passages are stamped with the gentle humor and broad sympathy that attract the common tao./ In 1940 also,Camilo Osias published concept...

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