Law and Ethic
There are different elements involved with law and ethics important to how people live and relate to one another. People will have personal views on what law and ethics pertains to, which makes this topic interesting and promising. Laws can relate to regulations in place to make things fair and just. Ethics can relate to characteristics or codes exercised by a person or group that makes them distinguished from others. There are multiple types of ethics to consider such as legal ethics and professional ethics. For instance, lying or betraying someone are elements considered unethical when done in the workplace.
These elements are sometimes considered interchangeable even though they each have aspects that differ. Law may pertain to rules or regulations in place to ensure they are enforced with fairness. Law itself can have different meanings depending on the context referred. Some may think about laws in place in a city, state or country. When they are enforced they help achieve a state of civil rest and organization. But, if someone breaks a law or does the opposite of the purpose of the law, they suffer consequences. Breaking the law can be considered an unethical act which is why a consequence is in place as a form of punishment.
Ethics are commonly related to what people do on the job or how they use their judgment in a situation. There are professions such as accounting, social work, journalism, and education that have high ethical standards. People practicing in these areas are expected to follow a specific protocol. And if they don’t they could be demoted or removed from their job. Because of the type of service they provide to the public or the type of relations expected from the public, they are expected to do their jobs with high quality and professional conduct.
Some professionals may have a code of professional ethics considered as an important law or regulation within their trade or career field. Law and ethics are important staples that ensure people are treated fairly from all sides. When followed appropriately they can help businesses increase revenue, improve business relations, and help their employees be better workers in their field. There are top organizations across different industries that ensure businesses stick to ethics they are expected to exercise. Even though law and ethics are supposed to help make things fair, doesn’t mean others are willing to go by them to get what they want.
The following will address both guiding principles that are globally valuable inethical decision making, and a model that professionals can utilize as they address ethicalquestions in our work.Wallace and Kerridge et al., has identified four moral principles that are viewedas the cornerstone of our ethical guidelines. Ethical guidelines can not address allsituations that a nurse is forced to confront. Reviewing these ethical principles which areat the foundation of the guidelines often helps to clarify the issues involved in a givensituation.According to Kerridge et al, the four principles commonly used in bioethics arethose of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and obligation. By exploring thedilemma in regards to these principles one may come to a better understanding of theconflicting issues. With these theories and principles in discussion of this case study,Wallace and Kerridge et a, suggest the comprehensive ethical decision making model of bioethic model.
Autonomy is the principle that addresses the concept of independence. Theessence of autonomy is the right to self determination (Staunton & Chiarella, 2003). It isthe ability to control what happens to us and how we behave (Leah, 2000). It involvesrespect for individuals and their personal space. According to code of ethics in Singapore,respect the clients' right for self-determination and provide them with whatever information they require to make informed decisions concerning their own care. Whenclients are incapable of making informed choices, consent should be sought from familymembers or significant others. From the case scenario, Mr. Gary is incompetent inmaking decision and his wife comes in the issue to give consent to go ahead for insertionof nasogastric tube.